Habanero C. chinense.Habanero pepper seeds are central to the cuisine of Yucatan, Mexico. The little lime-green peppers ripen first to sunset golden, and then to "You've been warned" red. Start indoors in March. The seed is slower to germinate (up to 3 weeks) and should be kept at 21-24°C (70-75°F). Use bottom heat of aSeedling Warmer heat matto accelerate germination. Big plants need fertile soil and lots of heat to mature, but are well worth the time - and the tears. At 100,000 - 350,000 SHU's, these powerful chiles are for spice lovers, and not for the faint of heart. If really good plant health can be maintained, it's possible to keep the plants alive as short lived perennials to produce for at least two seasons. Matures in 90-100 days.(Open-pollinated seeds)
Jalapeno MPepper Seeds produce pungent, thick-walled and juicy dark green peppers that are 8cm (3") long and about 2cm(1") wide with a blunt end. On the coast, fruits set well on mid-sized plants 60-90cm (24-36") tall. If there are still green peppers on the plant at the end of the season, pull up the whole plant and hang in a dry spot for it to finish ripening to red. Use green peppers for fresh eating, pickling, and sauces, and dry the red ones. 2,000 - 5,000 SHU's. Jalapeno M works well in three to five gallon containers, and is suitable for patio growing. Dried, smoked jalapenos are known as chipotle. Matures in 70 days.(Open-pollinated seeds)
Scoville Heat Units– The Scoville heat unit (SHU) rating is your guide to the perceived hotness of peppers caused by the active componentcapsaisin.The scale runs from about 2500 SHU for the mildest Anaheim to several million SHU. Our hottest is the Carribean Red Hot at 400,000 SHU.
How to Grow
160 seed/gram. Start indoors mid February to late March. Use a soil-less growing mix. Sow seed 6 mm (1/4″) deep. Maintaining the growing medium at a temperature of 21 C (70 F) will enhance germination. Grow the seedlings under bright light and temperatures of 16-21 C (60-70 F) to produce strong, stocky plants. Transplant after hardening off, in late May to early June. Full sun and a well-drained soil is best. Space the plants 30 cm (12″) apart in rows spaced 60 cm (24″) apart. Control weeds and avoid high nitrogen fertilizers. Try harvesting the peppers at different maturities to experience a wider range of flavours and textures. Staking is recommended with most varieties. Note: Estimated days to maturity are based on counting the days after transplanting.